This is primarily the reason why drills are so popular and come in so many different varieties besides choice of power sources. In fact, drills have been powered in various forms since the 18 century with the advent of the pneumatic drill.
Drills are one tool that every home, apartment, workshop, and construction shop should have on hand. Luckily, it does not cost an arm and a leg to have a good drill.
How A Drill Works
Essentially, a drill is a power source connected to a transmission via a small shaft which is further connected to a weighted or balanced metal object called a chuck. The chuck provides the connection point for the various drill bits and can either be keyless or keyed.
While larger drills such as pneumatic drills have been around since the 18 century, smaller drills were hand powered up to the advent of electric motors. Electric motors produce higher torque than other types of motors. As these motors could be scaled down, it was logical that they would find themselves used in power tools and thus the power drill was born.
Original power drills did not have a transmission and thus were just connected directly to the chuck. The chuck provides a point in which the bits are connected to the shaft but it has another function and that is to prevent “wobble” in the rotary action.
The chuck is balanced to allow the rotary action to be smooth and it makes drilling easier as there is no need for constant adjustment in the hole. It also prevents the hole from being “hollowed out.”. Below are five drills in the sub $50 dollar range that are perfect for residential or light commercial use.
Best Rated Affordable Power Drill
Using a mid position handle for better control and easier access to tighter spaces, this 5.2 amp drill – Black & Decker Model #DR260B Corded Drill uses up to a 3/8 inch bit.
The variable speed trigger controls the rotary speeds and it will operate in reverse as well. The chuck is keyless for fast and easy bit changes and there is a level indicator for precise and accurate work.
This affordable drill would be great around the house or in the workshop and could even be useful for light commercial applications.
Best Variable Speed Drill
The PORTER-CABLE Model #PC600D Corded Drill uses a keyless chuck system for fast and simple bit changes and the drill has a lock on button for when long drilling times are needed.
It is also backed by a three year limited warranty. This drill is great for a wide range of applications and would make a great addition to any tool collection.
Most Versatile Drill on the Market
This drill – Kawasaki Model #840176 Corded Drill offers something unique. There is an adjustable wheel that controls the speed of the rotary action and it is located in the variable trigger.
This gives this drill exacting control over the speed and makes getting the right torque for the job easier than trying to eyeball it, as it were.
The motor is a 5.8 amp electric motor and thus delivers good performance. The chuck uses a keyless system and the gear box is all metal to give the drill longevity. This is a great workshop or hobby drill.
Best Inexpensive Drill Kit
The BOSTITCH Model #BTE100K Corded Drill is 3/8 inch drill uses a 6.5 amp motor to deliver great performance and high RPMs.
Speed is controlled via the variable trigger and there are forward and reverse speeds. It uses a keyless chuck system and has a belt clip for easy storage during use.
It has a lock on trigger to help reduce operator fatigue and uses a soft molded handle to reduce vibratory stresses. This makes a great drill for use in the workshop, or for any residential or light commercial application.
Best Cheap Drill under $50
Black and Decker has been a household name in power tools for generations and they still produce affordable quality tools to this day. This drill – Black & Decker Model #DR560 Corded Drill follows in the tradition of high torque, low speed drills.
It uses up to a 1/2 bit and uses a keyed chuck system that is great for maintaining a tight grip on the bit. The low speeds up to 900 RPM means this drill has a lot of high torque applications such as drilling into deep materials such as wood that might bog down other drills.
It has a removable side handle for stability and is designed to reduce operator fatigue. Speeds are controlled by the variable trigger and since is uses a brush system in the motor, it has full torque and speed in both forward or reverse.
This drill is excellent for a wide range of applications including construction work and would be an excellent addition to any tool kit.
All power tools are different and thus it is important to read and follow the operator’s manual for both safety and tool longevity. Importantly, always wear the appropriate safety gear when using a power tool and always be aware of your surroundings for you safety and that of others.